Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference,
Articles with Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy links
Punishment, commonly, is the imposition of an undesirable or unpleasant outcome upon a group or individual, meted out by an authority—in contexts ranging from child discipline to criminal law—as a response and deterrent to a particular action or behavior that is deemed undesirable or unacceptable.
Authoritative imposition of something negative or unpleasant on a person or animal in response to behavior deemed wrong by an individual or group.
Imposition of an undesirable or unpleasant outcome as a response and deterrent to an action or behaviour that is deemed undesirable or unacceptable
The act of imposing an undesirable condition on a person or group for an unacceptable behavıor.