Cathay is a historical name for China that was used in Europe.
China, officially the People's Republic of China, is a country in East Asia.
"Mainland China" is a geopolitical term defined as the territory under direct administration of the Chinese Communist government of the People's Republic of China in the aftermath of the Chinese Civil War.
The geographical territory controlled by the People's Republic of China, excluding the special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macao, and territories controlled by the Republic of China
Geopolitical area under the jurisdiction of the People's Republic of China, excluding Special Administrative Regions
Alternative name for China in some languages
A country in East Asia which borders the Yellow Sea, the East Chinese Sea, and the South Chinese Sea. Furthermore it borders in the east with Russia, and North Korea, in the north with Russia, and Mongolia, in the west with Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Pakistan, and Afghanistan, and in the south with India, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, Laos, and Vietnam.
Official name of the East-Asian country popularly known as China (since 1949).
China, specifically medieval northern China as reached by the overland Silk Road to Xi'an or Beijing, not known at the time to be related to southern China as reached by the maritime routes to Guangzhou.
A nation or civilization occupying the country around the Yellow, Yangtze, and Pearl Rivers in East Asia, taken as a whole under its various dynasties.
Official name of the country popularly known as China, as opposed to the Republic of China.
The area under the jurisdiction of the People's Republic of China, excluding Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan.
Area under the jurisdiction of the People's Republic of China, excluding Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan.